Individuals with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) experience excessive or prominent anxiety or worry for at least six months about a number of different everyday concerns. They are also affected by physical symptoms, like restlessness and muscle tension.
When anxiety or worry is affecting the individual’s home, work, school or social life, or is causing the individual significant distress, psychological assistance is recommended. A psychologist might ask the individual to complete a short self-report measure as part of the assessment process. A more comprehensive structured clinical interview might also be conducted.
Psychological treatment for GAD might take the form of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) or applied relaxation, as these therapies are considered the most effective. Other health professionals, such as a GP or psychiatrist, might recommend a pharmacological intervention and oversee this aspect of the individual’s treatment.